Family engagement happens in many ways. Schools often have a narrow view limited to looking at who shows up for conferences. Research clearly shows that family engagement is a predictive factor of student success but it is important to use a wide lens and support all engagement so families with their many schedules can feel encouraged.
Fernandez, E., & Femc-Bagwell, M. (2017, February). "It was a life-threatening problem": Critical moments experienced by parents and (re)framing parental engagement.
Annett, D.A., & Femc-Bagwell, M. (2016) Improving Student Outcomes and Creating a Community School through Innovation, Social Advocacy Engagement, and Parent Engagement
Annett, D.A. (2015) Why do They Do That? The Intersection of Cultural Competence, Classroom Behavior and Relationships.
Fernandez, E., & Femc-Bagwell, M., (2017) "Do you hear what I hear? Do you see what I See?": Parent Voices of Engagement.
Femc-Bagwell, M. (2017), An Examination of Teacher Empowerment in CommPACT Schools.